Brief Betrayal Trauma Survey (BBTS)

Goldberg, LR. & Freyd, J.J. (2006). Self-reports of potentially traumatic experiences in an adult community sample: Gender differences and test-retest stabilities of the items in a Brief Betrayal-Trauma Survey. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 7(3), 39-63.

Freyd, J.J. & Goldberg, L.R. (2004) Gender difference in exposure to betrayal trauma. Presentation at the 20th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, New Orleans, LA, November 14-18, 2004.

Original 12-item BBTS with Original Response Options:

Other Versions of the BBTS in English

Translations of the BBTS

Asking Permission, Scoring, Studies Using BBTS, Gender Findings

Also see: